Over 430 years before the first Passover, the Patriarch Jacob, (also known as Israel), moved his family of 70 children and grandchildren from his homeland of Canaan to Egypt, where his son, Joseph resided. Joseph was a high ranking official in the Egyptian government, and , at a time when most of the then known world was going through the stress of a famine, Joseph moved his father and brothers into a secure and fertile valley of Egypt called Goshen. 400 years later, with the name of the once highly honored Joseph now a dim memory; Israel's family now numbered over 3 million. The current reigning Pharoah now regarded the Jews as a potential threat to his country's security. They seemed as a nation within a nation to him, and he feared the threat of internal strife, possible rebellion, or the Jews aiding an outside adversary. In order to weaken any strengths the Israelites might be tempted to use against Egypt, the ruler stripped them of power, position, and reduced them down to a labor task force, treating them as slaves. They were coerced into a life of labor and servitude, forced to build roads, buildings, and cities for the Egyptians, under cruel taskmasters. They cried out to God for deliverance, remembering from their ancestors that God had promised their forefather, Abraham, the land of Canaan*, (from where they came 400 years earlier.) Now seemed like a good time to return to their homeland!. The book of Exodus records that at this time, God raised up a savior for their dilemma... a man named Moses, who together with his older brother Aaron, would be instruments of deliverance for the Israelites. In Exodus 12, God gave Moses exact instructions for their deliverance, which included killing a certain type of lamb, at a particular time, and applying it in a special place, to be done on a specified day and time. The lamb had to be 1 year old, and without blemish; It had to be observed for 4 days, and killed in the evening; and the blood of that lamb had to be applied to the door posts of their homes on Nisan 14. (Exodus 12:1-7) God was then, and is now, very specific which demands of His followers obedience, without excuse. He left nothing for man to contribute to the plan of deliverance... but only to obey it. There was no guesswork or hap-hazzardness to this plan!.The Exodus deliverance was as carefully planned as was the creation of the world! Every detail had its importance in the overall scheme. All details together, they would provide a plan that would give the Jews escape from a nation that would very soon experience God's wrath and judgment...and give the Jews deliverance from their bondage.
God has a similar plan today that will enable all people to escape His soon to come wrath and judgment on this world, and give deliverance and protection to those who obey. This plan is based on the same principles and concepts of the Passover story:...a LAMB; the BLOOD; where and how it is applied; and when. All this information is found within the Passover types and shadows! In reading the events recorded in Exodus 12, we see how the LORD brought the Israelites out of Egypt, after they took from their Egyptian neighbors all kinds of provisions for their journey such as gold, silver, jewels, clothing, and anything else they asked for. (Ex 12: 35,36) The Israelites left laden down with merchandise, leaving behind them grieving and desperate Egyptians, who had just suffered the loss of their firstborn children as a result of God's 10th and final plague against the Pharaoh. This was a total fulfillment of a prophecy that God had given Abraham 430 years earlier, long before Israel, (Isaac), was even born! (Genesis 15:13,14:), "and He said unto Abraham, know of a surety that thy seed, (Israelites), shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, (Egypt), and shall serve them; they shall afflict them 400 years; also, that nation whom they shall serve, will I judge;" ( all their firstborn were found dead the next morning), "and afterward, they shall come out with great substance." (The Israelites left with great abundance). (words added in parenthesis are added by author.) With such precise clarity, can anyone doubt it was God Who predicted this event over 400 years before it happened? Or to doubt His reason and plan? Moses was instructed to keep the Passover "FOREVER", (Ex 12:14), and so we do, for (1) a memorial of how God delivered the Israelites from Egypt's bondage through their obedience; and
(2), that we never forget what the LORD did for them, or doubt what He is still able to do for us today!
Moses was no superman...he wasn't a spiritual giant or guru of his day..In fact, he had killed a man, and ran from Egypt to hide from Pharoah and save his own life! He was just a man, given to human faults and frailties as we are, but he made himself available to God for His direction, and it became the source of his deliverance, and also, for the nation of Israel. We have the same opportunity to seek the same God, and enjoy spiritual deliverance! The Israelites were instructed to start observing the Passover after they entered their homeland, Canaan, so that they would never forget what their God had done for them, and where He had brought them from. After Jerusalem was devastated in 70 A.D., history tells us the Jews were scattered, and exiled, eventually worldwide, not to return until Israel became a nation in 1948. For over 1800 years, they were dispersed to the 4 corners of the world, struggling for their existence. Through the centuries, having assimilated into the various cultures, the Passover took on variations in its presentation, depending upon the culture of where they lived, but always retained the essential Biblical requirements to remind them of the Exodus deliverance for the bound and enslaved. Passover was an actual historical event, but it pointed to a spiritual principle...a deliverance for the spirit of man, who is in bondage. Because he is made in the image of God, man, too, is spirit, and until there is spiritual deliverance, he is bound and dominated by self rule. As Moses was raised up in that hour for Israel's physical redemption, God has raised up the Messiah in this hour for our spiritual redemption! The Rabbi Saul*, of Tarsus, saw in the ritual of the Passover lamb a picture or type and shadow of another Lamb. The Rabbi Saul addressed Him in 1 Corinthians 5:7 as "Yeshua", and said of Him, "...Christ, (Anointed), our Passover is sacrificed for us...". John, the Baptist, prophet of God, recognized Yeshua's fulfillment of the Exodus lamb when he said of Him "...behold, the Lamb of God that taketh away, ( not just covered man's sin, but took away ) the sins of the world," ( not just of the Jews, but any one in the world who would believe in Yeshua).((John 1:29). As we progress through the Seder,( the formal Passover meal), these types and shadows will become an obvious portrayal of the Messiah, Yeshua.
Preparation for the Passover
Prior to the actual Passover meal, there is a time of preparation* during which tradition teaches us that the entire house was cleansed. (Rabbi Saul made a reference to this practice by making an analogy to spiritual cleansing, found in his statement in 1 Corinthian 57: in "cleaning out the old leaven.")
Many went to the extremes of re-painting the walls, tearing off the old wall paper; taking the everyday dishes and pots out of the house and using only new utensils, giving away all foods on the shelves and buying only food that didn't have any leaven or yeast,etc. One such extreme tradition had the children dusting the floors with a feather and a spoon, which has soon became a game, with rewards for finding dust. This is not Biblical, but a tradition picked up and incorporated into the Passover through various cultural practices.
It portrays a cleansing of the house supposedly before the blood of the lamb was put on their door on that first Passover...a good example for spiritual application;...a cleansing of man's spiritual "house" so that the blood of God's Lamb can be applied to the inner man. (This is called repentance*, a time of godly sorrow and inner cleansing.) Now the house is clean! Passover is here, and the Seder is about to begin. The table is set..the wine has been poured and the family is gathered. There are several accessories that are used only at this time, and each have their particular use and meaning, which I will attempt to explain,pointing out the type and shadow of the natural elements in comparison to the spiritual value.
Explanation of articles used at the Seder:
The tallith is a long prayer shawl worn by Jewish men.Its Biblical reference relates to the veil Moses wore over his head and face when he had been in the presence of God on Mt. Sinai for 40 days. The radiance on Moses was so strong that he had to cover his face. The shawl has a band of blue stripes,on both ends, against a background of white linen with a total of 613 fringes hanging from both ends. The fringes represent the 10 laws written by God's finger on the tablets of stone, plus the 603 oral laws that God gave to Moses to guide the nation of Israel. These laws covered moral, dietary, civil and ceremonial instructions. The men were instructed to meditate on these fringes to remember God's law. Numbers 15: 37-41. Matthew 23:5-10 makes a reference to the enlarged borders the priests wore to indicate their "spirituality".
The color of the tallith was white, symbolic of the purity and righteousness of God, and blue was symbolic of things heavenly, or Divinity. To spiritually wrap oneself in a garment of righteousness is impossible by human standards, for the Bible tells us that no man is righteous. (Romans 3:10) Jeremiah 23:6 tells us "the Lord is our Righteousness" and the only way we can wear a shawl of Righteousness is to be wrapped in His Holy Divine Presence...Yeshua, our Messiah,, becomes our Tallith!
Yalmalka (yal ma ka) a small beanie-like hat, worn by Jewish boys and men. The only reference of this covering can be found in the story of King David's ascent of Mt. Olivet in mourning before the Lord and he covered his head as an act of humility. (11 Samuel 15:30). Conservative Jewish men still wear this head covering today in synagogue and in home services, while Orthodox Jews wear it all the time, indoors and outdoors, in respect to the ever present God. There was never any biblical precedent for this tradition - it's found only in the Talmud - which is opposite to Paul's teaching in 1 Corinthians 11:4,7...
4:" everyman praying or prophesying, having his head covered, dishonoureth his head.";, and vs 7: For a man indeed ought not to cover his head, forasmuch as he is the image and glory of God,but the woman is the glory of the man."
Pillows: In the 14th chapter of Exodus, we read the instructions to "eat in haste", (vs:11), because the Israelites had to be prepared to vacate quickly to flee from their adversary, the Egyptians. They stood up to eat, with their loins girded, ready to go when Moses gave the signal. However, once safe in Canaan, they demonstrated their feeling of security by leaning on pillows in a posture of ease around the Passover table. God had given them rest from their adversary, Egypt. There is a rest that God has for each one of us, and that "rest" is found in Him! He provided physical rest from the bondage of the Egyptians for the Israelites, and through one of their own prophets, Isaiah, (28:9-12), he gave them a promise of a SPIRITUAL "rest" and restoration..."...with stammering lips and another tongue...this is the rest..." This was a reference to a future spiritual manifestation God would give His people, the Baptism of the Holy Ghost. Another prophet, Joel, referred to this experience as God's Spirit being "poured out" on flesh. (Joel 2:28). Jewish history relates that when Aaron became the first priest, Moses poured oil on his head ", symbolic of God's Spiritual anointing on the ministry. Every priest, likewise, receives the "pouring out" of oil as the anointing. In the N.T., In Revelation 1:6. John tells us that Yeshua, by virtue of His death at Calvary, has made the believer "kings and and priests unto God". Since Aaron was a type of the spiritual priesthood all believers can be, therefore, as priests, we must have the anointing of the Spirit "poured out" on us, which is exactly what Joel prophesied,"...and afterward, I will pour out My Spirit upon all flesh..." That's you and I!! The pillows are symbolic of peace and rest that comes only from the Lord, our God through this Spiritual experience of being filled with the baptism of the Holy Ghost, speaking in tongues.
This particular prophecy was fulfilled in conjunction with another prophecy by Jeremiah 31:31"( other than the old covenant He made with Moses), with the house of Israel and the house of Judah...I will put My law in their inward parts,"( no more on stone, but IN them physically and Spiritually...the INNER man), "...and write in their hearts and will be their God, and they shall be My people". God was talking of a future time when He would have a one-on-one relationship with man! 800 years after Joel's prophecy; 600 years after Jeremiah's prophecy and 775 years after Isaiah's prophecy, the reality and fulfillment of these predictions came to pass at the Temple in Jerusalem, in approx 30 A.D.. Combined, these 3 prophecies pictured a time when God would shift the emphasis of His law from mental and physical application to a Spiritual experience...from cold ritualistic observance to a personal intimate heart/mind relationship...a time when God would "pour out" His Spirit to anoint them in a new relationship with Him. (We will soon come to the Feast day that goes into more detail.This would be evidenced by a Spiritual rest and refreshing when they would not only feel, but hear a physical manifestation: stammering lips and another tongue language). On a particular day in Jerusalem, on the 50th day after Passover, Jews came to the Temple to observe Shavuous*, ( the day commemorating when Moses received the Law on Mt. Sinai). While they were gathered in the Temple praying and praising the Lord, in another upper room in the Temple, Messianic Jews, also, were praying and worshiping the Lord, as Yeshua had instructed them to do..He had told them, just before He ascended, to "wait for the promise of the Father*". ( Acts 1:4 ) Upon this group of Messianic Jews, God fulfilled His prophet's predictions*, and they began to manifest the anointing that God was"pouring out"... stammering lips and speaking in other tongues by the Spirit that was now in them! (Acts 2:1-47 for a record of that entire event.) God had now become a personal experience! He used the day on which He had once given His law on stone as the very day He would now shift the giving the Spirit of His law in their hearts. This was, indeed, a new Shavuous for the Jewish people! This event could be summarized by another prophecy of Ezekiel 11:19: "..and I will give them one heart..and I will put a new Spirit within you, and I will take the stoney heart out of their flesh that they may walk in my statues and keep mine ordinances" The reality of that prophecy and that experience is available today...God, no longer in stone, but experienced in the heart, a refreshing rest from all our self efforts to obtain peace, and joy. The pillows are indeed symbolic of a rest and security through God's promises, but the reality comes through Yeshua, Jesus!
Passover Seder Symbols
Matzah - (mot' za )
Unleavened bread. This bread, made without yeast, consists of spring water and fine flour, baked in a very hot over of 500 degrees. After it is baked, it is pierced to allow the steam to vent. The result is a flat cracker-like bread.
Biblically speaking, leaven or yeast is often portrayed as a symbol of sin. Scripture describes Yeshua as having no sin or guile found in Him. (Luke 23:4;1 Peter 1:22) This Man, Yeshua, was without sin, yet He bore our sins on Calvary, taking upon His body the intense heat of God's chastisement and judgment on the sins of the world.Isaiah's weighty words predicted the Messiah's sacrifice for us in Isaiah 53:4,5,and 6, and this was fulfilled when He took the fiery heat of judgment in our place, and afterwards, He was pierced with a spear into His body, just as the matzah is pierced. Out of that brutalized body flowed blood and water from His pierced side, (John 19:34), which are the very elements God demands for our purification. In the Old Testament economy, Numbers 19 relates that the remedy for purification for man's defilement was water applied with the blood of a sacrificial animal. This was a type and shadow, pointing to the day that Messiah Yeshua would be the Ultimate Sacrifice, and His blood, shed with watery body fluids,, would be the means of purifying ALL HUMANITY, not only the Jewish nation. Luke wrote in Acts 22nd chapter"..arise, and be baptized, washing away thy sins"..Peter admonished the first Jewish believers to "...repent, be baptized in the Name of Jesus..for the remission of sins*..(.in water)(, and by virtue of the Name of Jesus..blood!) And so we see in the nature of the matzah, the picture of the redemption of Yeshua.
Yachatz - (Ya' chots )There are many different sizes, shapes and colors, but all have the same purpose...to hold the matzah that explain Salvation. Our family used a container that had 3 shelves, one for each separate piece of matzah, packaged in one lovely blue and white napkin. At the beginning of the meal, the yachatz is brought forth for grandpa to unwrap and the second piece of matzah is removed and broken in half. One of the half pieces is broken into small pieces, to be passed around and eaten at that time, and the other half is wrapped in a napkin and hidden, to be brought back later as dessert. This special dessert matzah is called "afikomen", which means means "to come after ", (which is what dessert does...it comes after the meal). Tradition dictates that the afikomen pieces are are hidden, but throughout the meal, the children search for it. It's a festive part of the family traditional meal, and usually, the afikomen is hidden under dad's pillow, making it easy for the children to find it. The child that finds it brings it to grandpa or dad, and there's a special gift given to her/him who finds the afikomen, but it's not given until the next time the family gathers, which is 50 days later, on a holiday called Shavuous.( It's the day set aside to remember how God gave Moses the commandments for the children of Israeal). After the meal is eaten, the last afikomen matzaha is unwrapped, broken in small pieces and passed around to be eaten as dessert with the last cup of wine.
The Messianic overview of this part of the meal sees the yachatz (container),as a type and shadow of God, Who is the One God He reveals Himself to be in the Jewish statement of faith found in Deut 6:4.." hear o Israel, the LORD our God is ONE Lord." This is the basic belief of Judaism*! One God, the Eternal Spirit, the Creator and Father of humanity. As the one yachatz contains 3 pieces of matzah, in God..(one God.). is contained 3 manifestations of the One Almighty God: Father, in creation; in flesh (or humanity), as a Son who becomes Messiah; and as the Holy Spirit of regeneration in the hearts and lives of believers. In Micah, ( 5:2), God told the world exactly where He would manifest Himself when He came in flesh; He spoke through Isaiah, ( 9:6 ), is describing What and Whom to look for... ". For unto us a child is born...unto us a son is given"..Talking then about the coming Messiah, Isaiah speaks not of an instant appearance, but of a male baby born and of a child growing as a son.Timothy explains this by telling us that God was manifested in the flesh*..( Timothy 3:16). Paul tells His purpose for manifesting Himself in flesh:"..God was IN Christ,(Messiah), (for the purpose of) reconciling the world unto Himself..." (II Corintians 5:19). And so we see in the Heavenly Yachatz, One God, containing 3 manifestations: The Father, in creation; the Son for redemption, and the Holy Spirit, to guide..all contained in One God. The type and shadow becomes clearer as we see the father at the seder table removing the 2nd piece of matzah, breaking it in half, wrapping it, hiding it, and bringing it back at the end of dinner as the afikomen. This 2nd piece is a type of the manifestation of God when He was in Christ...the Son, Yeshua, Whose body was broken for us at Calvary; wrapped (in graves clothes), and hidden in a tomb. After the wraps of death were loosed from Him, to those who saw, ( or found), Him, He told them to wait for "the promise of the Father"..a gift! 50 days after Passover, their Father did give those believers a Gift! It was on that day, Shavuous, (50 days after Passover), that the Father poured out His Spirit, which IS the gift "of the Father", for John tells us that "God, (the Father), is Spirit". (4:24) What a GIFT! To have the Eternal God living within our human frames, to lead and guide usl The same Eternal Spirit that dwelt in Yeshua, now in man! Yeshua fulfills the type of the Afikomen, for, indeed, He did come back after ....after the cross, and from the grave...and, indeed, He will yet be our Afikomen for He said, before He ascended, that He would "come after" to bring us to Him so we will escape God's wrath in the last days. 3 pieces of matzah; 3 manifestations...ONE GOD. The Yachatz is real today to those see Yeshua as their Spiritual Afikomen, and the "GIFT" can be experienced just as it was on the original 50th day, for the Greek word for 50 is what the N.T. called "Pentecost"...The church world calls what the believers received that day "the Pentecostal experience", or the infilling of the Holy Spirit, (Ghost). That same "Gift" is for the believer today...all one has to do is find Him, unwrap the mystery of Who He is and receive the gift of Salvation!
On the seder table, resting on the Passover plate, is a dry and bleached lamb's shankbone, that represents the Pasach (pay'sock) lamb. Pasach, meaning "skipper", is used to express the fact that when God saw blood of that lamb applied to the door posts, He "skipped over" or passed over (passover) that house for judgment. In the Exodus story of Passover, the LORD told Moses to take a lamb on the 10th day of Nisan, observe it for 4 days and on the 14th of Nisan, to kill it if there was no disease or blemish found in it. The Israelites were then told to pour the lamb's blood into the bason, (which was a scooped out area in the threshhold below the door), and sprinkle the lamb's blood to the 2 side posts and then overhead on the door frame. When the LORD saw the blood in these places, He passed over their homes, reserving judgment. The Pasach lamb was the means of their escape from judgment, and had they not believed Moses to apply the blood, they would have been judged with death, as were the Egyptians.
In the Pasach lamb, and its role in the Passover, we see a powerful type and shadow of Yeshua. He was called the "Lamb of God" by John,( John 1:29), because His blood, applied to our "houses", (hearts), protects us from the judgment and wrath of God. The judgment "skips" over us and passes on to those who are not covered with the blood of Jesus, "the Lamb of God that taketh away the sins of the world." We see it recorded in the Gospels and history that Jesus entered Jerusalem on Nisan 10, and during the next 4 days was questioned by the Pharisees, His disciples, the High Priests, Pilate, and Herod. The Lamb of God was examined, but they could find nothing in Him..even Pilate confessed he found no fault in Him. Yeshua was the perfect Lamb, ready for the sacrifice. On the 14th day of Nissan, at the hour the ritualistic pasach lamb was being offered by the rabbi, Yeshua was sacrificed at Calvary, and blood appeared on His body overhead, where the crown of thorns had been set in His brow; in each hand, where the spikes had been driven; and in His feet.
Was this Man the Messiah? 1500 years before this date, Moses recorded a prophecy the LORD had spoken to him, (Leviticus 17:11), wherein the LORD promised.."For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I, (God), have given it to you upon the altar to make an atonement for your souls." How could God, being Spirit, give us His blood upon an altar? The only way the Father, being Spirit, could shed blood is when He was manifest in a body (1Tim 3:16),and that Body hung on the altar of Calvary, bleeding, and reconciling the world to God through that shed blood. God, the Father, stated multiple times in the Scripture, that He, alone, is our Savior; (Isaiah 43:3: "for I am the LORD, thy God, the Holy ONE of Israel, thy Savior"). How many Saviors are there? Only ONE, when God, the Father, was in Christ, reconciling the world unto Himself. "I, even I, am the LORD; (God, the Father speaking here), And beside Me, there is no Savior" And again, " I am the LORD, your Holy One, the creator of Israel, your king." (Isaiah 44:14,15). How many Holy "Ones" are there? Only One!1 Chron 29:10: "...and David said, blessed be thou, Lord God of Israel, our Father for ever and ever.."How many Kings? Only the One,...the Eternal Spirit of God, our Creator and Father, who bled through the body He called His Son when that body hung on Calvary! There are no second and thirds in the Godhead, for again He tells" thus saith the LORD, the King of Israel,...I am the first, and I am the last, and beside Me, there is no God." (Isaiah 44:6) He is our Father, God, King, Redeemer, and Savior! Today, on Seder tables all over the world, there sits a dry bone on the Passover plate, a symbol of the deliverance and protection the pasach lamb provided over 3000 years ago in Egypt.Historically, it provided deliverance for the Jews of that day, but it was a type and shadow of what can and does happen in the Spiritual realm today. Through the sacrificial blood of the Lamb, Yeshua, men can have deliverance from their bondage of addiction and habits...perversions...and the iniquities that have separated him from his God can be removed. Man doesn't need to have a "dry bone" religion today, but an experience of a vital Spirit filled life, energized by the living God!
During their bondage in Egypt, the Pharaoh set cruel taskmasters over the Jews, making them build roads and cities . The more they complained, the harder their plight became. They wept in bitterness, but the king's heart became even more hardened to their cries. It was in response to their cries that God provided a savior to lead them out of their bondage: man from their own people, a Jew, whom God raised up to teach them, lead them and be a mediator between the people and God. Moses told them that there would come another day that God would again raise up a Prophet from among their own Who would lead them as well , but when this One came, they rejected Him. In 70 A.D., The Jews wept bitterly as Titus took over their beloved city of Jerusalem. The final takeover came after 5 months of struggle, starvation, torture and the destruction of their Temple. As Jesus had foretold them some 40 years earlier, not one stone was left upon another. (Matthew 24:2) They had rejected Him when He tried to teach them, for they were looking for a political Messiah...one who would provide freedom from their heavy Roman taxes and oppression..not one who spoke of spiritual values and concept. Now they were weeping and going into exile, as they had been in Egypt so many years before.
The boiled eggs are a visual reminder of the hardness of Pharaoh's heart toward them, as well as their Roman oppressors. Dipped into salt water, the eggs then represent the tears shed when they were in bondage to their Egyptian taskmasters, and again, as they fled their beloved Jerusalem.
Karpas - (car' pes)
Green vegetable; usually parsley, lettuce, endive, etc. Green speaks of life and growth, abundant life and provision that was hoped for in the promised land of Canaan that God would lead them into. It reminded them that out of the death of a winter's grip, there would always be a new season of life resurrected...new bounties...new crops.
It speaks, in type, of Resurrection power, seen only in Messiah Yeshua, Who became the firstborn from the dead by the eternal Spirit of God. His resurrection speaks of eternal life for all men "born of the water and Spirit" (John 3:5) God wants us to have life, and that life is by His Spirit, which is why He commanded, (not suggested!), "be ye filled with the Spirit."
Charoses - (ha row' ses)
A combination of raisins, chopped apples, nuts and wine. This chutney blend is symbolic of the mortar or cement used by the Israelites when building the cities for the Egyptians.
Just as mortar is used to adhere bricks in a physical structure, the Holy Spirit is spoken of in 1st Peter 2:5 as the Cohesive Agent that binds together the believers in the Spiritual body, where each member is a lively stone.Through the Spirit, our lives become a blend of holiness, mercy, love and joy, uniting the believers in the household of God.
Morer - (more'a)
Bitter herbs. Usually represented by horseradish on the Passover plate. This ground horseradish represents the bitterness of hardship and anguish that the Israelites felt as slaves. It was during their exile that many Jews assimulated into the Egytian culture and began idol worship, feeling abandonment from God, not understanding that He neither sleeps nor slumbers and is always aware of the plight of His children.
Luke 22:42 teaches about a cup of bitterness that Jesus had to experience as He became our Savior. He sought God, not wanting to die this terrible death, but commited Himself to God's will. Not turning away from God, but making self humble and obedient, He drank that cup to purchase our redemption. Philipians 2:5 admonishes us to "..let this mind be in you which was also in Christ Jesus"..humility and submissiveness to the will of God for your life.
This is the symbol of abundance, since it is the fruit of the harvest of our of labor. There are 4 cups of wine poured during the course of the seder service, and each time it is taken,to recall the abundant promises of the Lord given to the Israelites while in the wilderness. God promised: (1) to bring you out of bondage; (2) to deliver you from your enemy; (3) to redeem you from slavery, and (4) to take you to the land of milk & honey. God's word is yea and amen! What He promises He does!
What is Wine? It is the fluid or juice of the grape, pressed out for the benefit of man, to be used in healing, purification, and to elate the spirit! It is a beautiful type of God's Spirit in Yeshua. The Messiah was firstfruit unto the Lord; At Calvary, His blood and body fluid was pressed out for the benefit of humanity, and spilled for us for our physical and emotional healing. Isaiah tells that by His stripes we are healed. By the same Spirit, we can have peace and joy in the Holy Ghost, according to Roman's 14:17... His Spirit can elate us, for Paul tells us "..be not to be drunk on wine, but filled with the Spirit", (Ephesians 5:12). The observers at the Temple on the day of Pentecost thought those that had received the Holy Ghost were tipsy, because they accused them of being drunk. Peter had to correct them in Acts 2, and tell them "these are not drunken as ye suppose, for it is but the 3rd hour of the day", and he went on to tell them that this was that that Joel predicted would happen in the last days. In the last days, "I will pour out my Spirit". Our intoxication should be on God! The four promises given to Israel on a national level were also four promises given to all men on a Spiritual level through the Messiah, for He will bring you out from sin's bondage; deliver you from death, the grave and hell; redeem you by the lamb's blood; and take you to Heaven and give you eternal life.
*Canaan: The land of Canaan was promised to Abram by God, but there was a prophecy made concerning the possession of the land by his children. In Genesis 15:13, in a vision, Abram was told " your descendants will be oppressed as slaves in a foreign land for 400 years. But I will punish the nation that enslaves them, and at the end they will come away with great wealth." This nation is known today as Israel, because the descendants of Abraham came from the 12 sons of Jacob,(also known as Israel, when re-named by God), who was one of the grandsons of Abraham.
*Rabbi Saul: Saul was a Pharisaic rabbi, (trained under Gamaliel), who persecuted the first Jewish believers in the Messiah Yeshua. He felt this "way" the Messianics were following was a threat to Judaism, and he was the believer's greatest adversary. His credentials can be found in Acts 22, as well as his story concerning his call by God.
*"Taketh Away": John, the baptizer, saw Yeshua as the fulfillment of the type and shadow PASSOVER lamb from Exodus. The blood of the Passover lamb was applied on and over the doors of the Jew's homes, providing protection for them by sparing the lives of their firstborn children . John now sees Yeshua in a greater role, providing protection not only for the Jews, but by His provision, coverage and protection for the entire world. Ultimately, the Messiah's sacrificial blood would not only cover in a temporary sense, but take away the world's iniquity and sin.
*Seder": The order of the Passover meal and service.
*Preparation (Of the Passover): This time of preparation was used for a period of ritualistic cleansing for the person, as well as the home. This was a period of time where one abstained from certain activities so that they might be considered "clean", as opposed to being "defiled", and then not allowed to partake of Passover.In it's root form, the word "preparation", PARASKEUE, indicates an extended period of time. History indicates that religious Jews spent days cleansing their homes, stripping walls, and making mikvahs, ( water purification i.e. baptisms), in preparation for holy days. John 18:28 records that the Jews would not enter the palace of Pilate, because he was a Gentile, and they feared defilement which would have prevented them from partaking in Passover, for the Passover had not yet come. ( it was 2 days later)
*Repentance: from the Greek word, METANOEO-to change the mind; a turning about from sin and turning to God; a Godly sorrow.
*Shavuous: This is a traditional holy day set aside to commemorate the day Jehovah, (God), gave the Law to Moses on Mt. Sinai. The Jews would gather together at the Temple in Jerusalem to worship and praise God for the Law.
*"Promise of the Father (Acts 1:4) "...commanded them that they should not depart from Jerusalem but wait for the promise of the Father, which saith He, ye have heard of me." Notice the precise wording. Yeshua did not say "wait for the promise from the Father", which would have put a distinction between the Gift-or, and the gift. The "gift" was not from the Father...it WAS the Father! To paraphrase that verse, they were to wait in Jerusalem, in preparation to receive the Father, for it was promised, by Him, that He would one day put His Spirit IN them. Yeshua was telling them THAT day of His promised coming was at hand...to go and wait for the promise of the Father, and when they did, the Father kept His promise. Acts 2:1-4 records how they were all filled with His Spirit, (the Father's Spirit), to an overflowing capacity. " Seven weeks had gone by since Jesus' death and resurrection, and the day of Pentecost, (meaning 50th day), had now arrived. As the believers met together that day, suddenly there was a sound like the roaring of a mighty windstorm...then what looked like flames or tongues of fire appeared and settled on their heads. And everyone present was filled with the Holy Spirit and began speaking in languages they didn't know, for the Holy Spirit gave them this ability."
*Prophet's Predictions: Joel, in the Old Testament, (chapter 2:28 ), predicted the promise from the Father of His Spirit: "......I will pour out My Spirit upon all of you...even on your slaves, men and women alike.." Isaiah was another prophet God used to prophecy this promised infilling: Isaiah 28:11: " for with stammering lips and another tongue will He speak to this people."
*Remission of Sin Acts 2:38 The plan of Salvation, preached for the first time by the Apostle Peter: Repent, be baptized in the Name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, be filled with the Holy Ghost.
*Judaism Deut 6:4: known the Shema: "Hear O Israel, the LORD our God is one LORD" A belief system of worship and praise to One G-d, Who revealed Himself, as time unfolded, through His many attributes. He revealed Himself as a Healer, Redeemer, Savior, Banner, Strength, Creator, Glorious, Gracious, Merciful, Just, Light, Love, Perfect and many other attributes, including Father.
*God was Manifested in the Flesh 1 Timothy 3:16: "...God was manifest in flesh, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up in glory." The Eternal Spirit, (G-d), our Father, appeared in the form of a human, since Spirit is invisible, in order to walk in the world, He had to manifest Himself as a man. Only as a man could He shed blood, which He said was the ONLY way to make atonement for the soul. (Leviticus 17:11, The LORD speaking, "..for the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I, (G-d), have given it to you upon the altar to make an atonement for your souls: for it is the blood that maketh an atonement for the soul." The altar He gave His blood upon, the wood of Calvary, when in the body of Yeshua, God's blood poured out for the atonement of your soul!)
*The Door Yeshua made a reference to His Messiahship by identifying Himself with the only access a man could have to God. He called Himself the "Door" in John 10:9: "I am the Door; by Me, if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture."
*Shed Blood The entire Jewish sacrificial system was predicated upon the shed blood of a innocent animal. It was a substitution for the guilty, and offered annually on what was called the High Holy Days, Yom Kippur..the days of Atonement. By virtue of the shed blood, man could have atonement with God, (AT-ONE-MENT). There was no other medium of exchange, according to the Old Testament, (then or NOW!). Millions of gallons of blood had been shed at the only place allowed..the Temple in Jerusalem. When the Ultimate Sacrifice had been offered, (Jesus, Yeshua), there was no more need for animal sacrifice. Thousands of Jews realized the Messiah?s atonement as the final sacrifice for their sins, and became believers, while others resisted and continued to offer the annual sacrifices, until God allowed the Temple to be destroyed, eliminating the place and the sacrificial system. In efforts to replace the blood atonement, Rabbis had to invent new ways to compensate, and so the emphasis ws then placed on works, rites, rituals, endless commentaries on the Law, all a fulfillment of Isaiah's prophecy: "wherefore the Lord said, Forasmuch as these people draw near me with their mouth, and with their lips do honor me, but have removed their heart far from me, and their fear toward me is taught by the PRECEPT OF MEN." 29:13 By rejecting the plan of God, and devising man made religious precepts, man developed a system that produced self righteousness, not Salvation!. Our righteousness will never be in works, but found only in the Lord. Jeremiah 26:26, "the Lord is our Righteousness". These new precepts became the foundation for what is called Rabbinical Judaism and exists today in the practice of traditional rites and rituals and humanistic philosophy, as opposed to the original teaching as handed down by Moses, Biblical Judaism.