Passover Meal: Procedure called seder (which means order of the meal.)
Lighting the Candles
Eve plunged the world into spiritual darkness by her disobedience to God and consequently, separation from God. Jews are promised the Messiah will bring the Light of reconciliation and that/He will come through a young Jewish woman. (Is 7:14) Until Messiah comes, Jewish women light their home with candles on the Sabbath. Messiah is the light of the world; we need not continue in darkness! (John 8:12 Yeshua is recorded saying "I am the Light of the world. He that followeth Me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.")
Kiddush - (Kid-ish)
This is the prayer of sanctification followed by the first glass of wine. "I will bring you out." The Lord gave that promise to Moses, and kept that promise. He will keep that promise to anyone who will trust Him to bring them out of their bondage today!
Rachatz - (Ra-chatz)
It is a ceremonial washing of hands before partaking in God's provisions. This is a type and shadow, (even seen in the Tabernacle Plan as well. Washing before entering into what God has prepared; a type of cleansing for the New Testament believer before he can appropriate any spiritual blessing from God. It's substance is baptism, as Peter instructed curious Jews in Acts 2:37-38, which was the first salvation message of the church, "Repent and be baptized everyone of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins."
Karpas - (The eating of greens)
Dipping greens, (parsley, lettuce, etc.) in salt water and eating, to celebrate God's provision in abundance.
Matzah - (Yahatz)
At this time, the middle piece is broken and passed around. The remaining half of the middle piece is wrapped and hidden. This becomes the Afikomen, the piece that comes back after the meal, and is passed around for all to partake of. This was the type and shadow of Messiah Yeshua, as He was wrapped in grave clothes, hidden in the tomb, but came back from the death grip in resurrection life! Now, for those who will receive it, He is the Hope that lieth in us, by virtue of his Spirit..to those who will "taste of me and see that I am good". Yeshua is that satisfying portion of our lives.
The 4 Questions
Are asked by the youngest child so that no child is ever without excuse for not knowing the story of their heritage. This story is told and retold every year of their life every year at the Passover table, instilling within them the hope of their coming Messiah, and the great deliverance He can give. These questions open the door to the story of passover as found in Exodus 12.
1: Why is this night different from all others?
2: Why do we eat only matzah this night while on other nights, we eat leavened bread?
3: Why do we eat bitter herbs this night and not other nights?
Why do we eat reclining this night?
The Ten Plagues
In the book of Exodus, Moses records the ten plagues that the LORD brought upon Egypt for judgment: blood, frogs, lice, beast, cattle disease, boils, hail, locust, darkness, death of firstborn.
At this time of the meal, when Jews relate the judgments, a drop of wine is diminished out of the cup for each plague. (This is either done by a drop on the finger or by taking a sip of wine for each plague.) This is done so that a Jew is showing compassion, even for his enemies, that their cup should not remain full while others suffer.
Dayaynoo - (day'-ah-noo)
This is a prayer of gratitude, where everyone echoes at the end of every verse, "It would have been good enough for me." It is a poem of praise to the God who abounds in excesses for His creation; Who did more than He should have, which at the least, would have been good enough for us. Like the loving God he is, He provides for us ABUNDANTLY. Psalm 113 - This is read, then usually a hymn is sung, followed by the second cup of wine.
Matzah and Herbs
These are passed around on a plate along with the pieces of matzah from the second piece that was broken. This is eaten to remind the people of their deliverance from bitterness and bondage.
ESSEN! >ESSEN! >ESSEN! >ESSEN! (The best part of the seder..time to EAT.)
A time to eat the traditional meal together. The traditional meal consists of a variety of appetizers and entrees, salads and vegetables..a symphony of colors and aromas to please the long awaited appetites of a family.This course of the seder is spent eating. Grace - After the meal,the afikomen is brought out. It is unwrapped and the remaining half piece of matzah is passed around to everyone at the table and taken with the third cup of wine.
This represents the 3rd promise, "I will redeem you" This speaks of the Messianic message of redemption. As God redeemed the children of Israel, Messiah redeems the world by becoming the Passover Lamb, whose blood is shed to keep the world from suffering the judgement of spiritual death. At the last supper, on Nissan 13, the Messiah lifted His cup of wine and revealed to His disciples at that time it was a shadow of His work on Calvary. (Luke 22:19 -20). He was speaking of His own death which would occur 2 days later. "..take, eat; this is My body", because He knew the cross awaited Him, and that by the time He got there, He would have been beaten and brutalized and broken. They didn't understand then. It was just a piece of bread. They would hold that broken piece of matzah and remember what He had told them, and how it had come to pass a few hours earlier on the hill outside the city. He became a human Afikomen, for He was crucified later on Nissan 14, at the exact hour that the passover lamb was being sacrificed by the Priest. Yeshua was hidden in the tomb for 3 days, resurrected, came back and appeared to over 500 people. He will be our Afikomen again when he returns in the last days, for the believers who are looking for Him. (1 Thes. 4:14-18). After this the 3rd cup of wine is lifted, a prayer of thanksgiving is said and the door is open for Elijah the prophet. It is a tradition in hopes that He will come through the door to announce the coming of the Messiah. (Is. 40:3). We, who are already believers in the Messiah, know that the spirit of Elijah has already come through a young Jewish prophet John the Baptist. His ministry announced the coming of the Messiah, and warned the people to make their paths straight. (Luke 3:2-4). When Yeshua came, John pointed Him out and called him the Lamb of God. (John 1:29). Thousand's of Jews that day believed John and continued to believe the teachings of the Messiah. History record's over 8000 baptism's for repentance and remissions of sin's in just two days as recorded in the book of Acts. The entire first church consisted of only Jewish believers, and today, the door is still open to Jews and Gentile's alike. The closing prayer follows this with the drinking of the 4th cup of wine. This represents "I will take you". (1 Thes 4:13-18 ). Which refers to the time the Lord will come back for His church and take them to a place He has prepared for them. Psalms 116 - This last cup of wine is a two-fold memorial. One that symbolized what God did for the Jew at the time of Exodus, and secondly, what the Jews hoped He would do when he gathered Israel as a Nation. In 1948, that hope was realized and God fulfilled His prophecies given to the Jews hundreds of years before...the Nation of Israel was restored after 1900 years! To the believing Jew, as well as to the Spirit filled believers, this fourth promise has even a greater dimension to be fulfilled yet. For He said, before he ascended, that He would come for us, to take us to a place where He has prepared for us to escape the wrath and judgements that will fall upon the world in the end times. In Acts 1:11, the angels asked the disciples as they watched Yeshua be taken up into the heavens, "Why stand here gazing...this same Yeshua will return in like manner," and when He does HE WILL TAKE US! He has prepared a place for us called NEW Jerusalem. We are looking for the day when we will be with Him there!